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Uses of Tar Command in Unix and Linux Server

Uses of Tar Command in Unix and Linux Server :

For archiving purposes on the Unix platform, tar command is command to be used. Knowing the various tar command options will help you to be a master of the archive file manipulation.

A. Create an archive with tar command

* Create an uncompressed tar archive with option cvf

It is the most basic command to create a tar archive.

$ tar cvf archive_name.tar dirname/
Note :
c – create a new archive
v – verbosely list files which are processed.
f – following is the archive file name

* Create a tar gzipped archive with option cvzf

The above used tar cvf, can’t offer any compression. So, if you want to utilize a gzip compression on the tar archive then you can utilize the z option as follows.

$ tar cvzf archive_name.tar.gz dirname/
Note :
z – filter the archive through gzip

Note:

.tgz is similar as .tar.gz

* Create a bzipped tar archive with option cvjf

Create a bzip2 tar archive as shown below:

$ tar cvfj archive_name.tar.bz2 dirname/
Note :
j – filter the archive through bzip2

Note:

.tbz and .tb2 is similar as .tar.bz2

B. Extracting (untar) an archive with tar command

* Extract a *.tar file with option xvf

Extract a tar file with option x as shown below:

$ tar xvf archive_name.tar
Note :
x – extract files from archive

* Extract a gzipped tar archive ( *.tar.gz ) with option xvzf

Use the option z for uncompressing a gzip tar archive.

$ tar xvfz archive_name.tar.gz

* Extract a bzipped tar archive ( *.tar.bz2 ) with option xvjf

Use the option j for uncompressing a bzip2 tar archive.

$ tar xvfj archive_name.tar.bz2

C. Listing an archive with tar command

* View the tar archive file content without extracting with option tvf

You can find out the *.tar file content before extracting as shown below.

$ tar tvf archive_name.tar

* View the *.tar.gz file content without extracting with option tvzf

You can find out the *.tar.gz file content before extracting as shown below.

$ tar tvfz archive_name.tar.gz read more